Isaiah 2:1-5 Future Temple Site. Isaiah 7:1-17 New International Version (NIV) The Sign of Immanuel. 3. Outline of Isaiah: THE BOOK OF THE KING (1–37) I. BACKDROP TO THE MINISTRY OF ISAIAH: THE AUTHOR’S PREFACE (1 – 5) a. 7), though I am not perfectly satisfied with this explication of it. Isaiah 1:1-20. ... Commentary. Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible. Ver. Parents are their natural protectors; and therefore God especially charged on their guardians to befriend and do justice to them; Deuteronomy 24:17 : 'Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor the fatherless, nor take the widow's raiment to pledge.'. The law ( thorah ), announced in Isaiah 1:10, has been preached to them. In Piel, which is the form used here, it means to cause to go straight; and hence, applied to leaders, judges, and guides, to conduct those under their care in a straight path, and not in the devices and crooked Ways of sin; Proverbs 23:19 : And guide אשׁר 'asher, "make straight") thine heart in the way. The idle servant might have said, "Lord, I did no harm with my talent; I did not lay it out in rioting and drunkenness, or any way to Thy dishonour; I only hid it, and did not improve it,"—yet this was enough to condemn him. Isaiah 1:18-31 The Lord Condemns Jerusalem. There are those oppressed by commercial difficulty. Such must be relieved by the good. Isaiah 1:17, ESV: "learn to do good; seek justice, correct oppression; bring justice to the fatherless, plead the widow’s cause." I have called you by your name. Judge the fatherless - Do justice to him - vindicate his cause. Isaiah 1:16 - Isaiah 1:17 properly belong to the paragraph omitted from the text, and close the stern special word to the ‘rulers’ which, in its severe tone, contrasts so strongly with the wounded love and grieved pity of the preceding verses. abs. Part i., lib. Their oppression is the consequence of their sin. 38:5. Thus says Yahweh who created you, Jacob, and he who formed you, Israel: "Don't be afraid, for I have redeemed you. V. Let us remember certain things for our encouragement. Such ought to be relieved by the generous consideration of the good. ii., cap. Learn more. The oppressed - Him to whom injustice has been done in regard to his character, person, or property; compare the notes at Isaiah 58:6. The first admonition lays the foundation for the rest. “Do justice to the orphan” ( Shâphat , as in Deuteronomy 25:1, is a contracted expression for shâphat mishpat ): for if there is not even a settlement or verdict in their cause, this is the most crying injustice of all, as neither the form nor the appearance of justice is preserved. This is a verse by verse, phrase by phrase, occasionally even word by word 178 page commentary from a literal, pre-millennial perspective. See also Jeremiah 7:6; Malachi 3:5; James 1:27. Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit are specified, to imply that the perfection of them was to be in Him. S. Exell. Seek judgment; show your religion to God, by studying and practising justice to men, and neither give nor procure any unrighteous judgment. “To wrong the wronger till he render right.”. The same declaration is now extended to all others, who are oppressed and groan under the violence and lawless passions of men of rank and influence. More Isaiah commentaries. Personified Jerusalem is directed to prepare for a growing population as if the people are to be accommodated in a large rectangular tent. Learn — Begin to live soberly, righteously, and godly. It, is in opposition, (2) to the idea that a man who confines himself to the cultivation of personal virtues is a true follower of Christ. In all our Churches there are multitudes of persons whose "religion" is a purely selfish consideration. The ministry of Isaiah was a difficult one. Each promise delivers hope; each name reveals the glorious way the Lord rules His kingdom through King Jesus. Isaiah 43:1-7 Commentary. "Be thou instructed, O Jerusalem, lest God’s soul depart from thee." How many members of our churches have incurred Christ's woe! The Wickedness of Judah. Part i., lib. Isaiah 1:17. He will aid the destitute, and will defend their cause.”. The oppressed - Him to whom injustice has been done in regard to his character, person, or property; compare the notes at Isaiah 58:6. The burden of Damascus — Both of that city and kingdom. Learn to do right; seek justice. The children have buried their parents. Isaiah 1:7 Your country is desolate, your cities are burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in … The Spirit by which the prophets spake: for Messiah was to be a Prophet (Isaiah 61:1; Deuteronomy 18:15, Deuteronomy 18:18). “Learn to do good:” hetib is the object to limdu (learn), regarded as an accusative; the inf. Its location northeast of Mt. Isaiah 3:13-26 Oppression And Luxury Condemned. The section of Isaiah discussed here comes from the early part of the book, written by Isaiah ben Amoz. More Isaiah commentaries. 7 When Ahaz son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, was king of Judah, King Rezin of Aram and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel marched up to fight against Jerusalem, but they could not overpower it. Septuagint: Rejoice, barren [woman], the one not giving birth. For both of these classes, oftener than for any others, does the Bible set up the plea for vindication and protection. Judege the fatherless; plead for the widow.] Isaiah 9:1-7 The Government and Names of Yahweh . Commentary on Isaiah 43:1-7 View Bible Text . 1, : judge the fatherless; do justice to them who have none to take care of them, and defend them: plead for the widow; that is desolate, and has none to plead her cause. Its destruction by the Assyrians (in 732 B.C. Can we call ground good ground for bearing no weeds, if it never bring forth good corn? It is one great doctrine of Scripture, that we are saved through our faith: it is another, that we are rewarded according to our works. John Trapp Complete Commentary. Both of these were an easy prey to their rapaciousness. Try it for 30 days FREE. They are driven from their pulpits. 17.Seek judgment — Better, the concrete word, justice. "Conduct the cause of the widows:" ריב with an accusative, as in Isaiah 51:22, the only other passage in which it occurs, is a contracted form for ריב ריב. They need the relief of true sympathy. iii. But such persons fail to observe that the mind that was in Christ was not a spirit of self-seeking but of self-sacrifice. They build their own prison, make their own fetters, and whip themselves. Judege the fatherless, plead for the widow The Prophet here selects two classes, by means of which the wickedness of men is more fully exposed; for it seldom happens that the causes of the fatherless and widows are defended, because men do not expect from them any rewards. Defend the oppressed. 1. 2. 3. In no other art does progress bring so much happiness: the testimony of a good conscience; consciousness of the approval of God; a pleasant retrospect; brightening hopes. His message was given in a time of great crisis both politically and religiously. Isaiah 17:1 "The burden of Damascus. Isaiah 43:1-7 Commentary. Orphans have no experience. It is a lesser-known passage, however, because it is not included in the cycle of haftarot (synagogue readings from the prophets). This charge was particularly necessary on account of the facilities which the guardians of orphans have to defraud or oppress, without danger of detection or punishment. judge — vindicate (Psalm 68:5; James 1:27). Heb., Righten the soured or leavened. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Yes, but what is meant by learning to do well? Learn to do well; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow. How this noblest of arts may be acquired. Isaiah 1:10-20 made the case that God values justice as much as, if not more than, worship. Seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, &c.] Look to the duties of the second table, those of your own particular places especially; exercise your general calling in your particular, and think not to set off with God by your sacrifices for your oppressions: "I will have mercy, and not sacrifice." These are God’s own clients. Learn to do well.] By fidelity in little things. You are mine. Isaiah was one of many prophets of God who was inspired to record their gross idolatry and ungodly ways and to express God's bitter indictment of His chosen nation. By becoming imbued with the principles by which the great masters in this art were animated. Widows and orphans, as well as foreigners, were the protgs of God and His law, standing under His especial guardianship and care (see, for example, Exodus 22:22 (21), cf., Exodus 21:21 (20). Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Judgment — Shew your religion to God, by practising justice to men. They are liable to the thoughtless but stern oppression of men. The same duty is enjoined in behalf of the fatherless, inexperienced orphans, and the helpless widow. Isaiah 32:1-20 Woe to Those Trusting in Military Defense. In no other art does proficiency ensure such rich rewards. Commentary for Isaiah 17 . Commentary on Isaiah 1:10-15 (Read Isaiah 1:10-15) Judea was desolate, and their cities burned. Words are well; smiles are welcome; but personal help is the most effective to the removal of oppression.—J. Now the great principle which governed Christ and His noblest disciples was love—love to God and man: a docile love, which did not seek to please God in its way, but in His way, and evermore searched the Scriptures to discover upon what things God looks with delight. Reform School – for Everyone. III. For a comprehensive study of the passage, download the Study Guide (PDF download). Or do we count that servant a good servant who doth not wrong his master in his estate by purloining or wasting it, if he live idle all day, and neglect the business his master appoints him?—Swinnock, 1673. It is remarkable that God so often insists on this in the Scriptures, and makes it no small part of religion; Deuteronomy 14:29; Deuteronomy 24:17; Exodus 22:22: ‹Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.‘ The ancient views of piety on this subject are expressed in the language, and in the conduct of Job. Isaiah 43:16-28 Commentary "Don't remember the former things, and don't consider the things of old. b. I am undone is not a bad place to be. Instead of seeking gain, and bribes, and public favor, they were to make it an object of intense interest to do justice. It is in opposition. Commentary on Isaiah 17:12-14 (Read Isaiah 17:12-14) The rage and force of the Assyrians resembled the mighty waters of the sea; but when the God of Israel should rebuke them, they would flee like chaff, or like a rolling thing, before the whirlwind. There are those oppressed by religious bigotry. But the Lord declares that he takes charge of the fatherless and widows, and will avenge them if they shall sustain any injury. And yet they imagine themselves to be followers of Him who spoke of "the cross" which each of His disciples would have to carry. The command is given, "Learn to do well." Song of Songs 8 Isaiah 2 ... Advance your knowledge of Scripture with this resource library of over 40 reference books, including commentaries and Study Bible notes. 17. The vision of Isaiah the son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah. Examine Isaiah's calling to see the pattern of following the Lord. Isaiah 18 Chapter 17 Syria and Ephriam were confederate against Judah ch. All God’s laws were in David’s sight, [Psalms 119:168] all his ways in God’s sight. Isaiah 1:1-17 The Sins of Israel And Judah. [Jeremiah 6:8] Deliver thyself wholly up to his discipline; religion is the best learning - Philosophia sacra; to know Christ and him crucified is as much as St Paul cared for; Deum cognoscere et colere to know and honour God, is the whole duty of man; add this to the former. Click a verse to see commentary Select a resource above 1. Isaiah 1:17, ESV: "learn to do good; seek justice, correct oppression; bring justice to the fatherless, plead the widow’s cause." He evil-entreateth the barren that beareth not. When I was in junior high school, I remember hearing that one of my schoolmates would not be coming back in the fall. than the children of her who is married,” says the Lord.. 2 k “Enlarge the place of your tent, and let the curtains of your habitations be stretched out; When you pass through the waters, I will be with you." Isaiah 1:17 Context. 2. Isaiah 3:1-12 Judgment on Judah And Jerusalem. The word “seek” - דרשׁוּ dı̂reshû - means to pursue, to search for, as an object to be gained; to regard, or care for it, as the main thing. They are excommunicated from their synagogue. This verse is more correctly translated thus—"Learn to do well; seek judgment, restrain the oppressor, right the fatherless, maintain the cause of the widow,"—or, "Learn to do good; seek out judgment, redress wrong, judge the fatherless, befriend the widow. in their remaining corruptions all carry some of these cerements about with them, nor drop them but at the gate of heaven.—Guthrie. Isaiah 1:18 Come now, and let us reason together, saith the LORD: though your sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool. Isaiah 43:16-28 Commentary "Don't remember the former things, and don't consider the things of old. Negative goodness profiteth not. Isaiah 1:17. They drive away the donkey of the fatherless. Syria and Israel threatened. Plead for - Contend for her rights. Relieve the oppressed— Or, Reform what is amiss. The vision of Isaiah son of Amoz, which he saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah. In response to Hezekiah’s prayer and his profuse weeping, YHWH, by means of his spirit, provided Isaiah with a message of comfort for him. He differs in this respect from his younger contemporary Micah, whose prophecies are generally more ethical in their nature, whilst those of Isaiah have a political character throughout. 1 of 1. Job‘s own conduct was an illustration of the elevated and pure views of ancient piety: When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; And when the eye saw me, it gave witness to me; The blessing of him that was ready to perish came upon me; And I caused the widow‘s heart to leap for joy.

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