Texan general, Sam Houston gathered more troops, 800 in all. illegal system of government. Texas … His army defeated Texan forces at the Alamo and Goliad before moving eastward to the San Jacinto River, where he was defeated and captured by Gen. Sam Houston. Santa Anna came to Goliad, Fannin packed up, and he and his men retreated east toward the US boarder. cavalry, skirmished with the Mexican army still led by Santa Anna (Kemp). There was a stand off which ended in a skirmish. independent republic. One of the greatest helps In 1835 the Texas Revolution began [music out]. for the next day. Antonio López de Santa Anna et al., The Mexican Side of the Texan Revolution Santa Anna was elected president of Mexico in 1833, the first of five presidential stints. Under this constitution, American settlers in Texas were exempt from any taxes, tariffs, and This surge of glory helped him gain the presidency in 1833 as a Federalist and opponent of the Roman Catholic Church; in actuality, however, he established a centralized state. The next day, April 21, showed no sign of Texan activity, so Santa Anna ordered the Belligerents Republic of Texas MexicoCommanders and leaders Sam HoustonWStephen F. AustinEdward BurlesonBen Milam Frank W. JohnsonJames FanninDavy Crockett William Barrett TravisJames BowieSidney ShermanThomas J. Rusk Antonio López de Santa Anna(POW)Vicente FilisolaMartin Perfecto de Cos(POW)Jose de UrreaJoaquin Ramirez y SesmaAntonio GaonaDomingo de … Santa Anna befahl, dass alle nichtkonzessionierten Siedler Texas verlassen sollten. The Goliad Massacre marked an ugly moment in the history of the Texas Revolution. They taunted the Mexicans to "come and take it." In 1821 he supported Agustín de Iturbide and the war for Mexican independence, but in 1823 he helped overthrow Iturbide. Antonio and the Alamo where the Texans forced General Cos to surrender and leave Texas. were starting to wonder if the settling of Texas was some sort of covert effort to take over Texas (Binkley 5). Numerous secondary analyses an… One reason Mexico opened Texas up for Nothing was accomplished except inspire the Texans immigration in the first place was to have This item: With Santa Anna in Texas: A Personal Narrative of the Revolution by José Enrique de la Peña Paperback $13.95 Only 2 left in stock - order soon. The Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, was the defining battle of the Texas Revolution.Mexican General Santa Anna had unwisely divided his force to mop up those Texans still in rebellion after the Battle of the Alamo and the Goliad Massacre. Third, many of the American settlers owned and used slaves. In this expanded edition of With Santa Anna in Texas, Texas Revolution scholar James E. Crisp, who discovered the new diary entries in an untranslated manuscript version of the journal, discusses the history of the de la Peña diary controversy and presents new evidence in the matter. after a thirteen day siege causing every man in the fort to be either killed or wounded (Wood). Very few accounts outside of those translated and edited by Carlos Castañeda in 1928 as The Mexican Side of the Texas Revolution examine the Mexican army’s role in Texas. and the Goliad Massacre. The Goliad massacre was an event of the Texas Revolution that occurred on March 27, 1836, following the Battle of Coleto; 425–445 prisoners of war from the Texian Army of the Republic of Texas were killed by the Mexican Army in the town of Goliad, Texas. On April 21, 1836, the forces of the Mexican army under General Santa Anna were handed a decisive defeat by the Texans at San Jacinto. In a sense Santa Anna started the Texas Revolution by repealing the Mexican Constitution of 1824. Alamo (Lord 56). Beginn der Revolution [ Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten ] Viele Bundesstaaten Mexikos, besonders Yucatán , Zacatecas und Coahuila, revoltierten wegen der Aktionen Santa Annas. Side of the Texan Revolution (Dallas: P. L. Turner Company, 1928), 100; Martin Perfecto de C6s to Santa Anna, December 29, 1835, in E. C. Barker Transcripts, Texas, 1835-1836, Part I, 8-9, in University of Texas … First, the United States repeatedly tried to buy Texas from Mexico, and the Mexicans only Santa Anna had not killed every Texan prisoner. With Santa Anna in Texas: A Personal Narrative of the Revolution - Kindle edition by de la Peña, José Enrique, Crisp, James E., Perry, Carmen. Texas now was in control of the was organized in October 1835 with orders "to secure peace if it is to be obtained on constitutional terms, and to prepare thus betraying Santa Anna's identity (Kemp). During beginning of the Texas Revolution. Very few accounts outside of those translated and edited by Carlos Castañeda in 1928 as The Mexican Side of the Texas Revolution examine the Mexican army’s role in Texas… All the weak hearted Texan soldiers quit the army leaving only the hard core men. The way Santa Anna handled the battle of the Alamo showed us his strengths. However, the Texans never settled there, and Mexico's expectation went unfulfilled (Wood). Also the Alamo inspired the writing of the Ballad of the Alamo which was recorded by Marty Robbins. Antonio López de Santa Anna, in full Antonio López de Santa Anna Pérez de Lebrón, (born February 21, 1794, Jalapa, Mexico—died June 21, 1876, Mexico City), Mexican army officer and statesman who was the storm centre of Mexico’s politics during such events as the Texas Revolution (1835–36) and the Mexican-American War (1846–48). (O'Connor). for war, if war be inevitable" (Binkley 60). Having failed to put an end to the Texas Revolution, he returned to Mexico, only to … Remember, this is the Mexican army's perspective on Santa Anna's march into Texas to teach the colonists a lesson. With Santa Anna in Texas, a personal narrative of the revolution, José Enrique de la Pena, Texas A & M University press., 1975, 201 pages ; Histoire du Mexique, Henry Bramford Parkes, préface de … A detailed, first-hand account of the battle was written by General Houston from the headquarters of the Texan Army in San Jacinto on April 25, 1836. Houston was informed of Santa Anna's unexpected move. rest of Mexico where it was not practiced (Wood). With Santa Anna in Texas : A Personal Narrative of the Revolution [[ALAMO]. At this time when Santa Anna marched into Texas in February 1836, he attacked the Alamo. He had spent The Goliad Massacre marked an ugly moment in the history of the Texas Revolution. So, Texas rebelled along with several other Mexican states (Binkley 41). Samuel Houston defeated the Mexican army under Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto in 1836, assuring Texas Independence . fight because he feared that the Texans would not distinguish between friend and foe during the battle. Omissions? Several movies have been made about the defeat. Finally, the American settlers tended to settle in the areas around He fought on both sides of nearly every issue of the day. [144] During these various times, the liberal wing of Mexico had tried some reforms that threatened the power of both the army and In 1836 Santa Anna marched into Texas to quell a rebellion primarily by U.S. settlers there. After Santa Anna learned that a force of Texas rebels was heading toward Matamoros, he sent General Urrea to march north along the coast of Texas to stop them. His "take-no-prisoners" policy was Personal narratives of the Texas Revolution abound, but the overwhelming majority of them present only the Texan viewpoint. However, the little band of men grew to 167 in two days. Santa Anna spares the life of Susanna Dickinson. [Sound of gunfire] Texans scored early victories against Mexican garrisons [sound of drums]. The red flag meant no quarter. Santa Anna ordered a red flag to be flown from the San Fernando Church. The son of a minor colonial official, Santa Anna served in the Spanish army and rose to the rank of captain. When he ruled, Santa Anna would often leave the actual job of president to his advisors. Santa Anna started the Texas Revolution by repealing the Mexican Constitution of 1824. Santa Anna hoped to capture the Revolutionary leaders, and put an end to the war, which had proven costly and prolonged. Prelude to the Revolution Most of the early Anglo-American colonists in Texas intended to fulfill their pledge to become good Mexican citizens. soldiers to stack the guns and get some sleep. of sovereign states" (Wood). and zeal, and caused the Texans to win the final battle at San Jacinto. Personal narratives of the Texas Revolution abound, but the overwhelming majority of them present only the Texan viewpoint. everything except food. 2) He agreed to order all Mexican soldiers out of Texas immediately. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for With Santa Anna in Texas: A Personal Narrative of the Revolution at Amazon.com. The Texans followed the Mexicans to San mad that General Houston, commander of the Texan army, did not want the Tejanos, Mexicans who sided with the Texans, to Antonio in central Texas. The Tejanos wanted When Santa Anna defeated a Spanish general in battle, he was promoted him Chief of the Army's 11th Division.By 1822, Santa Anna was promoted to brigadier general and … eleven of those time (People). factors led up to this decision. The way the Alamo was destroyed also caused the remaining Texan army to be They had let the Alamo down by not sending reinforcements. on Amazon.com. Background. survived the assault were captured, and Santa Anna had them executed on the spot (Wood). Santa Anna disappeared during the Santa Anna and the Texas Revolution On September 29, 1835, a detachment of the Mexican army arrived in Gonzales, Texas, a Mexican state, to confiscate a cannon. In 1835, Santa Anna repealed the Mexican Constitution, which ultimately led to the beginning of the Texas Revolution. taken prisoner (Battle), and no Mexicans escaped off the island. The cavalry also dismounted and ate lunch (Lord 195). Early the next morning the Texans attacked the Mexican camp believing they were going to attack that day (Lord 38). Second, Santa Anna regarded Cos's promise not to take up arms in Texas as meaningless because it had been given to rebels. The colonists who participated in these early events opposed violations of the Constitution of 1824 and declared that they were merely cooperating by expelling Bustamante's garrisons from Texas. The Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836, was the defining battle of the Texas Revolution.Mexican General Santa Anna had unwisely divided his force to mop up those Texans still in rebellion after the Battle of the Alamo and the Goliad Massacre. He was personally in charge of the Mexican Army at the battle of the Alamo (March, 1836), and he was responsible for the brutal and treacherous massacre at Goliad (March 1836). He and his men were marched back to Goliad and, a week later, were led out into a field and shot Santa Anna decreed The first real fight started on September 29, 1835 when General Cos of the With this It was a revolution that Texas would eventually win. Now the stage was set for a reactionary movement led by those two influential forces. to the Texan cause was Santa Anna, the Mexican president, who provided the cause for revolution, stirred up the Texans' anger By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Santa Anna learns the Texan troops are divided among different leaders. Ten years later he sought U.S. support in an attempt to oust the emperor Maximilian, whom the French had placed on the Mexican throne; at the same time, he offered his services to Maximilian. Treaty ending the Texas Revolution, two treaties, one was made public, the other not: Terms of the public treaty: 1) Santa Anna promised to never again fight against Texas forces. Santa Anna's reasoning for the repeal was that American settlers in Texas were not paying taxes or tariffs, claiming they were not recipients of … Updates? On April 20, 1836, Colonel Sidney Sherman, commander of the Texan The next move after the Alamo was east to Santa Anna There were repeated insurrections during his administration, and finally, discontents in Texas broke out into revolution. They were so returned to Goliad after the surrender (O'Connor). General Martín Perfecto de Cos marched to Texas ahead of Santa Anna intent on punishing the rebels. However, Santa Anna led an army across the Rio Grande and headed northward to crush the rebellion. In 1830, the Mexican congress passed a law saying that no more Americans could immigrate to Texas James K. Polk, who arranged for a ship to take him to Mexico for the purpose of working for peace. So in May 1834, the army and (This is the fifth of eight columns on the battles of the Texas Revolution.) He lost a leg in the skirmish. This was an effort to scare everyone from fighting especially since foreigners made up most of the Texan army . Santa Anna surrendered to General Houston, and agreed to grant Texas independence (Binkley 109). The Texans originally Santa Anna lost this battle simply by stupidity. March 2nd - marks the day in 1836 when Texas declared its independence from Mexico during the Texas Revolution. Led by General Samuel Houston, the Texan Army engaged and defeated General Antonio López de Santa Anna's Mexicanarmy in a fight that lasted just 18 minutes. In 1835 the Texas Revolution began [music out]. During this expedition, Texas declared its independence from Mexico. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading With Santa Anna in Texas: A Personal Narrative of the Revolution. Santa Anna's cruelty during the battle inspired … Amid disturbances in Texas, Antonio López de Santa Anna was leading a liberal revolution in Mexico against centralist President Anastacio Bustamante. Instead, they remained in chains until 1865 — another 30 years. If only Santa Anna had not gone to sleep without posting a guard at In general the Constitution gave considerable rights to the individual Mexican states. Returning to friendly territory, Cos provided his superior, General Antonio López de Santa Anna, with information about the uprising in Texas. San Jacinto. At first Santa Anna's policy of execution carried the desired effect; all the Texans ran toward the American border It had served as a military garrison for the Spanish, Samuel Houston defeated the Mexican army under Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto in 1836, assuring Texas Independence. It is probably the most well known event in Texas history. People and Events of the Texas Revolution Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Instead, they remained in chains until 1865 — another 30 years. (see map). Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. They were staunch Santa Anna gained much prestige in 1829 when he fought against Spain’s attempt to reconquer Mexico, and he became known as the Hero of Tampico. back to San Antonio without the cannon (Lord 38). Will all know that biggest problem at the Alamo was that they lacked in supplies and their manpower was … But his autocratic centralism caused rebellion at the local level. On September 29, 1835, a detachment of the Mexican army arrived in Gonzales, Texas, a Mexican state, to confiscate a cannon clergy. (Binkley 41). They taunted the Mexicans to "come and take it." Gen. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. During the course of this punitive expedition, Texas declared its independence from Mexico (March 2). In 1828 he backed Vicente Guerrero for president, only to help depose him later. The Alamo Battle and the Texas Revolution When he encircled the Alamo, Santa Anna might have been wise to follow Sun Tzu’s advice to leave … 3) Santa Anna promised to work for the recognition of Texas … He remained in power until 1836, when he marched into Texas to quell a rebellion by primarily U.S. settlers there. The Peña Narrative was the focus of the “Eyewitness to the Texas Revolution” conference and forms the centerpiece of even more determined. Santa Anna was captured and forced to sign documents recognizing Texas' independence, effectively ending the war. In the aftermath of the rebellion the young officer witnessed Arredondo's fierce counterinsurgency policy of mass executions, and historians have speculated that Santa Anna modeled his policy and conduct in the Texas Revolution on his experience under Arredondo. The fighting was extremely General Sam Houston, sensing Santa Anna's mistake, engaged him on the shores of the San Jacinto River. This surge of glory helped him gain the presidency in 1833 as a federalist and an opponent of the Roman Catholic Church; in actuality, however, he established a centralized state. The state was an independent country from 1836 to 1845. all winter fortifying his command and preparing for war; however, when the Alamo called for help Fannin refused. border. The Texans were driven by their anger for the way Santa Anna had killed everyone he captured. In 1835, the Texas Revolution erupted and Santa Anna became the prime villain of Texas history because of his actions at The Alamo and at Goliad. Ann Fears Crawford (Austin: State House Press, 1988). Instead, they remained in chains until 1865 — another 30 years. Between 1833 and 1855 the Mexican presidency changed hands at least thirty-six times, and Antonio López de Santa Anna ruled Santa Anna himself marched on the rebellious state with a massive army, but the invasion was conducted poorly. THE TEXAS REVOLUTION. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. clergy persuaded Santa Anna to dissolve both Congress and the state legislatures and declare himself a dictator Santa Anna's repudiation of Mexico's 1824 constitution and substitution of a much more centralized and less democratic form of government was instrumental in sparking the Texas revolution… Santa Anna gained much prestige in 1829 when he fought against Spain’s attempt to reconquer Mexico, and he became known as the Hero of Tampico. On March 6, 1836 the Alamo fell It was in this context that his army marched north to Texas. After the Texans chased General Cos out of Texas, they used the Alamo as a fort. The entire Texan line surged forward shouting "Remember the Alamo!" They remembered people settle between Mexico and the fierce Comanche Indians who lived in central and northwest Texas thus forming a buffer. Corrections? Santa Anna ordered crops burned, prisoners shot, and livestock killed, alienating many Texans who might have supported him. A good illustration of this is the convention which The Battle of San Jacinto (Spanish: Batalla de San Jacinto), fought on April 21, 1836, in present-day Houston, Texas, was the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. It included Tejanos, American settlers, volunteers from the United States, and many free and enslaved African Americans. ... Houston and Santa Anna fought on opposite sides, but they had a number of things in common. When Santa Anna dissolved the state legislature and brought all the power to himself, Texas found itself working under an The Texas Revolution and the Narrative of José Enrique de la Peña, on view April 29 through October 14, 2000. Drawing courtesy of the Library of Congress. Texas, using the chaos in Mexico as a pretext, declared independence in 1836. Urrea arrived in Matamoros and worked to secure cooperation from the local inhabitants on January 31, 1836. (Wood). Texas Revolution Battles: The Battle of the Alamo The Battle of the Alamo was the most famous battle in the Texas Revolution. fight, Fannin surrendered. LinkThe Battle of the Alamo (February 23 – March 6, 1836) was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. In 1835, Santa Anna repealed the Mexican Constitution, which ultimately led to the beginning of the Texas Revolution. Santa Anna took charge of the Mexican forces upon his return; but instead of acting for peace, he led his men against the United States until he was routed by U.S. forces under Gen. Winfield Scott. The recent discovery of a week’s worth of entries in an untranslated manuscript version of José Enrique de la Peña’s diary opens another chapter in the longstanding controversy over the diary’s authenticity. On May 14, Santa Anna signed two peace treaties with interim Texas president David G. Burnet. The Mexicans followed the Texas army across Vince's bridge which the Texans promptly cut down thus cutting The two sides talked and dickered, but no action was taken. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. drop on their knees and shout, "Me no Alamo! When the Mexican was Learn more about the Texas Revolution, including notable battles. Two years after the 1836 Battle of the Alamo, Santa … (Lord 191). Both men were legends and dominant figures in the lands they loved, but that's where the resemblance ended. (Kemp). The red flag meant no quarter. The Texas Revolution * * * * * * * * * * Battle at San Jacinto Santa Anna had over 300 more Texans executed at Golidad. Both pursued careers in the military and politics. Texas Revolution Texas is the only state to enter the United States by treaty instead of territorial annexation. Antonio López de Santa Anna, in full Antonio López de Santa Anna Pérez de Lebrón, (born February 21, 1794, Jalapa, Mexico—died June 21, 1876, Mexico City), Mexican army officer and statesman who was the storm centre of Mexico’s politics during such events as the Texas Revolution (1835–36) and the Mexican-American War (1846–48). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna was elected the first president. All the Mexican soldiers could do was It led at least partially to the Texan victory at the Battle of San Jacinto , however. In After a short In 1835, the Texas Revolution erupted and Santa Anna became the prime villain of Texas history because of his actions at The Alamo and at Goliad. If After signing a public treaty ending the war and a secret treaty in which he promised to do everything he could to ensure that the Mexican government adhered to the public treaty, Santa Anna was sent to Washington, D.C., for an interview with U.S. Pres. 630 Mexicans killed, 208 wounded, 730 captured and 9 Texans killed, 30 T the eighteen minutes of battle, the Mexican camp was turned into a blood bath. The six wounded men who Both proposals were refused. Texas was free. If only Santa Anna had not repealed the Constitution of 1824. Had Santa Anna won his war, the estimated 5,000 slaves living in Texas would've gone free. In March 1836, Mexican forces overran the Alamo in San Antonio, Texas, achieving victory over those who had declared Texas’ independence from Mexico just a few weeks earlier. They believed the constitution guaranteed It's interesting to read about the miserable conditions that the soldiers had to endure. However, They met Santa Anna at San Jacinto. the fort at Goliad (view a map) under the command of Colonel Fannin. After his army had defeated Texan forces at the Alamo and Goliad, Santa Anna then moved eastward to the San Jacinto River, where he was defeated on April 21 in the Battle of San Jacinto and was captured by Gen. Sam Houston. After successful battles at San Antonio's Alamo mission and Goliad, Santa Anna was finally defeated in April 1836 in the Battle of San Jacinto and captured by Sam Houston. The way in which the Alamo was defeated raised the defenders to legendary status. men who were "blazing, fighting mad" (Lord 191). Santa Anna's reasoning for the repeal was that American settlers in Texas were not paying taxes or tariffs However, slavery was outlawed in Texas, but not in the Had Santa Anna won his war, the estimated 5,000 slaves living in Texas would've gone free. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for With Santa Anna in Texas: A Personal Narrative of the Revolution at Amazon.com. Then when This was the last battle of the Texas Revolution. [143] From Saltillo, the army had three choices: advance along the coast on the Atascocita Road from Matamoros to Goliad, or march on Béxar from the south, along the Laredo road, or from the west, along the Camino Real . President of Texas The Mexican people had won their independence from Spain.Their new country was made up of citizens of both Spanish and Native American descent. His army defeated Texan forces at the Alamo and Goliad before moving eastward to the San Jacinto … initialized. The great whitewashing of the Texas Revolution Andrew Jackson, who returned him to Mexico, where, in the meantime, he had been deposed from power during his absence. Santa Anna again retired, moving to Jamaica in 1847 and to New Granada in 1853. At the Alamo his policy backfired. The Alamo was an old Spanish mission in San iii. In 1836 Santa Anna marched into Texas to quell a rebellion primarily by U.S. settlers there. battle, so the next day General Houston ordered a thorough search of the island. Dressed as a common soldier, Santa Anna attempted to flee, but was taken prisoner the following day. Mexican army sent some men to take a cannon from Gonzales. In a disastrous setback for the Texans resisting Santa Anna’s dictatorial regime, the Mexican army defeats and executes 417 Texas revolutionaries at Goliad. It was based on "a federal government Unable to protest and unwilling to accept Santa Anna's tyranny, the Texans planned rebellion. At four o'clock in the afternoon, while the Mexican camp slept, the Texan army opened fire with their two six-pound cannons. Texas Revolution Battles: The Battle of the Alamo The Battle of the Alamo was the most famous battle in the Texas Revolution. and it also allowed for the garrisoning of convict troops to police the area and enforce the laws (Binkley 41). General Santa Anna did away with the Constitution of 1824, which gave limited power to the central government and local authority to the states. The next meeting with Santa Anna would prove a different outcome. They would not let her down again Several He staged a state funeral for his amputated leg. Read honest and unbiased … self-government (Lord 32). Two years later he led a revolt and seized power, which he held until he was driven into exile in 1845. With Santa Anna in Texas : A Personal Narrative of the Revolution that "all foreigners who might be caught under arms on Mexican soil should be treated as pirates and shot" (Binkley 97). After an 18-minute battle, Texans routed Santa Anna's forces, eventually taking Santa Anna prisoner. A small group of 180 Americans, led by William B. Travis, Jim Bowie and Davy Crocket battled against the force of a 4000 Mexican army led by General Santa Anna. In 1838, when the French navy seized Veracruz and demanded an indemnity for injuries to French citizens in Mexico, Santa Anna led forces to Veracruz, only to shoot at the ships as they departed. Fought on April 21, 1836, the Battle of San Jacinto was the deciding engagement of the Texas Revolution as well as saw General Santa Anna captured. The Texas revolution had started. During this expedition, Texas declared its independence from Mexico. Mexicans, and Texans. Three other divisions of the Texas army were also executed by the Mexicans: one in San Patricio and two that The cannon was well hidden, but eighteen armed men stood in plain sight. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. according to Lamont Wood, ethnic prejudices were very much alive. In general the Constitution gave considerable rights to the individual Mexican states. The Battle of the Alamo (February 23 – March 6, 1836) was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution.Following a 13-day siege, Mexican troops under President General Antonio López de Santa Anna reclaimed the Alamo Mission near San Antonio de Béxar (modern-day San Antonio, Texas, United States), killing the Texian and immigrant occupiers. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The next battle was on an island in a bayou next to the San Jacinto River about halfway between San Antonio and the Louisiana (Kemp). . Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. If only Santa Anna had not dissolved the legislatures. the Texas Revolution Antonio López de Santa Anna (1794–1876) General, led Mexican forces at the Battle of San Jacinto Born on February 21, 1794, in Veracruz, Santa Anna enjoyed a middle-class upbringing. the search, a Texan named Sylvester caught a Mexican dressed as a common soldier trying to escape. iv. After all Santa Anna was a vain man who liked applause. De La Pena, Jose Enrique.] Santa Anna’s assumption of dictatorial power over Mexico brought him into direct conflict with a growing movement for independence in the Mexican state of Texas. Gonzales, about 65 east of San Antonio (see map). intense. attack the Texas Revolution was started. Among those killed was their commander Colonel James Fannin. 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